Validating reports of poor childhood memory
In this situation the information does not disappear from memory, it can later be recalled.
But the lack of attention at a specific moment prevents the information from being recalled at that specific moment.
A common cause of absentmindedness is a lack of attention.
When attention is divided, less activity in the lower left frontal lobe diminishes the ability for elaborative memory encoding to take place, and results in absentminded forgetting.
In this case, false memories were implanted among participants by their family members who claimed that the event had happened.
This evidence demonstrates the possibility of implanting false memories on individuals by leading them to remember such events that never occurred.
Memory gaps and errors refer to the incorrect recall, or complete loss, of information in the memory system for a specific detail and/or event.
Memory errors may include remembering events that never occurred, or remembering them differently from the way they actually happened.
Absentmindedness is a gap in attention which causes memory failure.
False memories, sometimes referred to as confabulation, refer to the recollection of inaccurate details of an event, or recollection of a whole event that never occurred.
Studies investigating this memory error have been able to successfully implant memories among participants that never existed, such as being lost in a mall as a child (termed the lost in the mall technique) or spilling a bowl of punch at a wedding reception.
German philosopher named Hermann Ebbinghaus decided to measure his own memory for lists of nonsense syllables at various times after studying them.
He decided to draw out a curve of his forgetting pattern over time.